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Saturday, April 23, 2016

Top 10 Mens Cologne

The One For Men by Dolce & Gabbana
If your man is “the one,” than a fragrance called The One is the obvious choice. It’s a citrusy, warm scent with notes of grapefruit and orange blossom, paired with ginger, cedar, and a slight hint of musk. If you want a fragrance that’s sensual, spicy, and just a little bit woodsy, this is a great choice.
Looking for a traditional men’s cologne that’s aggressively masculine? There are lots of great options out there for anyone who wants their partner to smell like a sexy cowboy. Stetson has been around since 1981, and its woodsy, spicy notes are incredibly intense. If you want another classic option, English Leather is a classic scent that’s been around since 1949. It’s woodsy as well, with note of moss and leather. Both scents can be kind of intense, and many people have a “love it or fit it” reaction to them. But those who love these classic scents really love them.
Demeter Laundromat Cologne Spray
Shopping for a guy who hates wearing cologne? Or maybe you can’t stand the intensely woody or musky scents of some of the most popular men’s colognes. This simple unisex fragrance just smells like clean laundry, so it’s pleasant without being overwhelming.
Best Smelling Mens Celebrity Cologne: Sean John 3 AM
The Sean John brand was created by music mogul Sean Combs. 3 AM is the perfect scent for a guy who loves staying out late, and partying until dawn. This is another citrusy scent, but it’s made unique with interesting notes like cardamom, fig leaf, and tonic water.
Hermes Terre d’Hermes Eau Tres Fraiche Cologne
Patchouli is another one of those scents that people either love or hate. Even those who like the smell of patchouli may find that it can overpower all the other notes in a perfume. Hermes Terre d’Hermes Eau Tres Fraiche is one of the rare scents that uses patchouli, but manages to strike a balance between that element and all the other complementary notes. You’ll also find notes of cedar, water, and geranium.
Crabtree & Evelyn Indian Sandalwood Cologne
Looking for a scent that’s spicy and a little bit exotic? This classic scent is sandalwood-based, but also contains notes of cypress, bergamot, vetiver, and lavender. Want something similar, but with a little more bitter orange and verbena? We also really like Crabtree & Evelyn’s Heritage Collection Old Windsor Eau de Cologne.
Victorinox Swiss Unlimited Energy Eau de Cologne Spray
This sporty, fresh scent is a great fragrance to use after hitting the gym or hitting the courts. We especially like the built-in carabiner, which makes it easy to attach the bottle of a gym bag, or secure it inside a briefcase. It’s a classic scent profile, with typical notes like cedar, amber, and musk. But there are some unexpected fragrances in the mix, including mint, violet leaf, wormwood, and nutmeg.
Salvatore Ferragamo Acqua Essenziale Blu Eau de Toilette Spray for Men
Colognes with Acqua in the name are often beachy or oceanic in their scent profile, and their fresh nature is ideal for guys who dislike overly musky fragrance. One of the classic scents in this style is Acqua di Parma, which has been around since the 1930s. A more modern take is Salvatore Ferragamo Acqua Essenziale Blu, a complex scent that features green cardamom, Calabrian bergamot, lemon, tonka, and smoky patchouli.
Tom Ford Noir Extreme Eau De Parfum Spray
Looking for a scent that’s moody, mysterious, and darkly romantic? Tom Ford Noir Extreme is a spicy, oriental scent. It’s upscale, and perfect for the man at the pinnacle of his career. This decadent scent is a little bit sweet, thanks to vanilla, nutmeg, and cardamom notes. There’s also an exotic quality, thanks to notes of saffron, as well as a combination of scents designed to evoke the flavors of Indian kulfi (a dessert traditionally made of Himalayan snow and pistachios).
Jean Paul Gaultier Le Male Men 3 Piece Gift Set

This fresh, classic scent blends mint, citrus notes, floral notes, cinnamon, cumin, sandalwood, and amber notes. This gift set includes eau de toilette spray, shower gel, and after-shave balm. You can also buy the cologne by itself, if you want to save a little money.

Thursday, April 21, 2016

Bullet Train to Travel Under the Sea Near Thane Creek

Passengers will get the thrill of riding under the sea while travelling between Mumbai and Ahmedabad in the first bullet train of the country.
The 508 km long Mumbai-Ahmedabad high speed rail corridor will have a 21 km long tunnel under the sea, said a senior Railway Ministry official involved with the public transporter's ambitious bullet train project.
While most part of the corridor is proposed to be on the elevated track, there will be a stretch after Thane creek towards Virar which will go under the sea as per the detailed project report by JICA.
Estimated to cost about Rs 97,636 crore, 81 per cent of the funding for the project will come by way of a loan from Japan. The project cost includes possible cost escalation, interest during construction and import duties.
It is a soft loan for 50 years at 0.1 per cent annual interest with 15 years moratorium, said the official.
Rolling stock and other equipment like signalling and power system will be imported from Japan as per the loan agreement.
The official said the loan agreement with Japan is slated to be signed by the end of 2016 and construction work is likely to begin by the end of 2018.
According top priority to the first of its kind project, railways has formed National High Speed Rail Corporation Limited (NHSRCL), a special purpose vehicle (SPV), with a paid-up capital of Rs 500 crore.
A search committee comprising senior government officials including Cabinet Secretary, Chairman Railway Board and Secretary DOPT among others is on the job currently to select the Managing Director and five directors for the NHSRCL.
Railways has already allotted Rs 200 crore for the SPV.
Maharashtra and Gujarat will have equity of 25 per cent each, while the Railways will have 50 per cent in the SPV.
The bullet train is expected to cover 508 km between Mumbai and Ahmedabad in about two hours, running at a maximum speed of 350 kmph and operating speed of 320 kmph.
At present, Duronto Express takes about seven hours to cover the distance between the two financial centres.

For timely completion of the project, a joint committee has been formed under the vice-chairman of NITI Aayog with the secretaries of the Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion (DIPP), Departments of Economic Affairs and Foreign Ministry as its members along with the Railway Board Chairman.

Mumbai-Ahmedabad Bullet Train Will Need 100 Daily Trips To Be Viable: Study

The proposed bullet train between Mumbai and Ahmedabad will have to ferry 88,000-118,000 passengers per day, or undertake 100 trips daily, for the Railways to keep it financially viable, according to a report by Indian Institute of Management Ahmedabad (IIM-A).
The report, titled, "Dedicated High Speed Railway (HSR) Networks in India: Issues in Development," states that if the Railways set the ticket price at Rs. 1500 for 300-km drive per person fifteen years after the operation, it will have to ferry between 88,000 and 110,000 passengers every day to ensure that it repays the loans with interest on time.
Japan has offered a concessional loan of Rs. 97,636 crore to fund about 80 per cent of the project cost with a repayment period of 50 years beginning from the 16th year of operation at an interest rate of 0.1 per cent.
For the remaining 20 per cent loan, the authors assume 8 per cent average rate of interest (on Rs. 20,000 crore to be funded by Centre). Japan has offered a 15-year moratorium on loan, so revenue concerns for the Indian Railways will arise from the 16th year, the authors state in the paper.
The total distance covered by the train will be 534 kilometres.
The paper has been jointly authored by faculty members G Raghuram, professor of the institute's Public Systems Group, and Prashanth Udayakumar.
Fifteen years after the bullet train becomes operational, while the actual operating cost is not known, the paper assumes two scenarios by pegging operating cost at 20 per cent and 40 per cent of revenue.
"So if the Railways earn Rs. 100 revenue, Rs. 20 or Rs. 40 will go for maintenance, and remaining surplus money will go for cash payment of loan with interest. Now, to cover the loan with operating cost in two scenarios, we consider passengers travelling an average 300 kilometres. In this case, we will need 88,000-118,000 passengers respectively for both the scenarios," Mr Raghuram said.
"Typically one train carries 800 passengers, so to carry 88,000 passengers daily, you will need to take a total 100 trips, or 50 trips each way. So, we need three trains every hour in each direction," he said.
As per the paper, "there are many positive benefits and externalities of the HSR which would be useful in India's overall aspirational development."
"These externalities include technology percolation into other domains, economic development, game-changing sense of connectivity, and national pride due to cutting-edge infrastructure.
"In such a context, it is a good idea to begin and learn," the paper states as it draws on experiences of running HSR in countries such as Japan, China, Spain, France, Russia, among other countries.
"The Mumbai-Ahmedabad route is a good choice for the first route, since it connects India's first and seventh most populous cities, with significant economic development in the 500-km corridor between them. Also, the low cost Japanese financing has been a great catalyst."

In terms of future network growth, this segment can be part of extension to Jaipur and Delhi, it states.

iPhone SE vs. iPhone 6: How Apple's cheaper, more powerful phone shakes things up

The case for buying an iPhone 6 or 6 Plus is likely this: you want a less expensive iPhone, but the 4-inch screen on the SE is just too small. Indeed, while some people may prefer that size, there's a reason most smartphones are closer to 5 or 6 inches. A larger screen means better interface options, more and bigger text, not to mention superior experiences with games, images, and video.
In fact, the iPhone 6 and 6 Plus are still solid performers, and should hold up past the launch of next-generation iPhones coming this fall, and possibly 2017 models as well. But priced starting at $549 for the 4.7-inch model, it's $150 more than the new iPhone SE — and with less capable specs inside.
If you're really interested in saving money on an iPhone — but still want something fresh from Apple — the iPhone SE is a much better value. Sure, it has a 4-inch screen and a weak front camera, but it crams most of the specifications of the iPhone 6s into a device that starts at $399. The model you likely need, with 64 gigabytes of storage, is still $499 — $50 cheaper than a 16-gigabyte iPhone 6.
If screen space is critical, you should probably go with a 6s. You'll also be getting a faster device that Apple should support longer. As a bonus, you'll get things like a better camera and 3D Touch.
But the smartest decision is to wait, if you can. Apple is likely just five months away from shipping new iPhones, which should be faster still and improved in other ways we haven't confirmed yet.

In our view, the only condition under which you should consider an iPhone 6 or 6 Plus is if you can find it at a sharp discount, whether online or from friends and family. Otherwise, choose the iPhone SE or the iPhone 6s, or wait until September. The iPhone 6, at its current price and place in the lineup, is not the smart choice.

Apple iPhone SE vs iPhone 6S vs iPhone 6: What's the difference?

Apple finally announced a new 4-inch iPhone, following months and months of rumours. The iPhone SE was unveiled at an event in Cupertino in March and it replaces the existing iPhone 5S.
For those wondering how it compares to the larger iPhone 6 and iPhone 6S, we are here to help. This feature explains the differences and similarities between the iPhone SE, the iPhone 6 and iPhone 6S.
Apple iPhone SE vs iPhone 6 vs iPhone 6: Design
The Apple iPhone 6 measures 138.1 x 67 x 6.9mm and weighs 129g. The iPhone 6S measures 138.3 x 67.1 x 7.1mm and hits the scales at 143g. Both offer aluminium bodies, although the iPhone 6S is made from a different metal to the iPhone 6.
The design is almost identical however with curved edges, slim builds and a fingerprint sensor within the Home button. The iPhone 6S has the second-generation of Touch ID, which is a little faster than the iPhone 6 but both have Touch ID nonetheless.
The iPhone SE on the other hand, takes the majority of its design cues from the iPhone 5S but with a couple of changes, including matte edges. An aluminium body is featured and it measures 123.8 x 58.6 x 7.6mm, making it a little thicker than the iPhone 6 and iPhone 6S. It is significantly lighter though, hitting the scales at just 113g.
It offers Touch ID, but it will be the same as the iPhone 6, rather than the second-generation found on the iPhone 6S.
The iPhone SE will come in the same colours as the iPhone 6S however, with silver, space grey, gold and rose gold all available. The iPhone 6 only comes in silver and space grey colour options.
Apple iPhone SE vs iPhone 6 vs iPhone 6: Display
The Apple iPhone 6 and iPhone 6S both have 4.7-inch Retina HD displays. Both their resolutions sit at 1334 x 750, delivering pixel densities of 326ppi. The only difference between the two devices is the iPhone 6S has 3D Touch, which is Apple's version of a pressure sensitive display allowing for different actions based on the force with which you press.
The iPhone SE offers a smaller 4-inch display, appealing to those who don't want a larger smartphone. Those who have stuck with their iPhone 5S or iPhone 5C. The resolution is the same as the iPhone 5S, which puts it at 1336 x 640. Because of the size difference, it means the iPhone SE will still offer a pixel density of 326ppi like the iPhone 6 and 6S however.
The SE doesn't offer 3D Touch, so the new 4-incher will offer a slightly different experience to the iPhone 6S, but the same as the iPhone 6.
Apple iPhone SE vs iPhone 6 vs iPhone 6: Camera
The Apple iPhone 6 offers an 8-megapixel rear camera with 1.5µm pixels and an aperture of f/2.2. It is capable of 1080p video recording and there is a True Tone flash on board. The front camera is 1.2-megapixel, also with an f/2.2 aperture.
The iPhone 6S takes things up a notch in the camera department offering a 12-megapixel rear snapper with 1.22µm pixels and a f/2.2 aperture. Video recording capabilities increase to 4K and the True Tone flash remains intact. The front camera also sees a bump to 5-megapixels and while the aperture remains at f/2.2, it comes with a Retina flash.
The iPhone SE opts for the same 12-megapixel rear sensor as the iPhone 6S, meaning it is capable of 4K video recording and Live Photos. There is a 1.2-megapixel front camera with an aperture of f/2.4 however, so it doesn't take from the iPhone 6S here, aside from also offering a Retina flash.
Apple iPhone SE vs iPhone 6 vs iPhone 6: Hardware and specs
The Apple iPhone 6 comes with the A8 chip and M8 motion co-processor, supported by 1GB of RAM. It is thought to have a 1810mAh battery on board and it is available in 16GB and 64GB storage options.
The iPhone 6S has a newer and faster chip on board with the A9 and M9 motion co-processor, supported by double the RAM at 2GB. The battery is said to be 1715mAh, which is a little smaller than the iPhone 6.
The iPhone SE will feature the A9 chip and M9 motion co-processor like the iPhone 6S. It is also expected to come with 2GB of RAM and the battery capacity is speculated at 1642mAh, which would make it just shy of the iPhone 6S, although this isn't currently clear as yet.
Apple Pay is supported on both the iPhone 6 and iPhone 6S but it wasn't on the iPhone 5S. The iPhone SE will also support Apple Pay so no differences between big and small there.
Apple iPhone SE vs iPhone 6 vs iPhone 6: Software
The Apple iPhone 6 and iPhone 6S both come with iOS 9 and this will be the case for the iPhone SE too.
Apple tends not to even preview the new build of its iOS software until WWDC in June, releasing it with the next iPhone flagship in September but it did reveal some of the new features coming with iOS 9.3.
Ultimately, the iPhone SE will offer the same experience as the iPhone 6 but with the addition of Live Photos.
Apple iPhone SE vs iPhone 6 vs iPhone 6: Conclusion
The Apple iPhone SE has some pretty interesting specs for its £359 starting price.
It may look like the iPhone 5S but it has the processing and graphics power of the flagship iPhone 6S, as well as its rear camera, despite being almost £200 cheaper.

The iPhone SE is essentially a smaller version of the the iPhone 6S, minus 3D Touch and a couple of other features such as a higher resolution front-facing camera. For those after a smaller iPhone though, you aren't comprising on much and you're saving on the pennies.

How To View Saved Wi-Fi Passwords On Android and iOS

I love working from cafes, especially the ones with free Wi-Fi. Nothing better than working with a bit of white noise around and writing with a hot cup of coffee by my side. That’s the reason I have saved Wi-Fi passwords of many cafes in my locality. However, sometimes you don’t go to these places alone and are accompanied by your friends who might as well need the Wi-Fi access. If you have your laptop with you then it’s not that difficult to make it show the passwords. But on a phone, it isn’t that straightforward. And the chances of our phones being with us than our laptops is significantly more.
Asking the baristas is always an option, but why bother them when you can retrieve it from your phone itself. Plus this is a useful method to know because it can come in handy in many other situations when you desperately need the Wi-Fi password of a network you previously connected to on the phone.
Before we get started, it’s important to make it clear that the process only works on rooted and jailbroken Android and iOS devices respectively (the part about this not being straightforward on phones).
There’s no way you can get the Wi-Fi passwords without gaining admin access as this information is stored in the system folder of the device. If you haven’t rooted your Android yet then you should check our collection of posts on rooting your Android and decide for yourself. For iOS users, here’s our collection on jailbreaking. Yes, we are platform-agnostic like that.
With that out of our way, let’s now see how we can get the passwords. We will first see the process for Android and then move on to iOS devices.
Retrieving Wi-Fi Passwords on Android
As we will have to open a system file on Android, we cannot use the traditional file explorer that comes pre-installed on the device. We will use ES File Explorer for the task. We have already seen a guide on how we can use ES File Explorer to view and edit system files on Android. Please have a look at the it if you are unaware of the process.
Now move up a folder (to the root folder) in ES File Explorer and you will see a directory called data. Navigate to data/misc/wifi folder and you will find a file named wpa_supplicant.conf. Tap on the file to open it up and make sure you use ES File Explorer ‘s built-in text/HTML viewer for the task.
In the file you should be able to see the network SSID and their passwords next to it. You can now search for the SSID (network name) and note down the password next to it and close the file.
Please make sure that you don’t edit the file or you might start having problems with your Wi-Fi connectivity. There are a certain number of apps listed in the Play Store for the task but it’s better to use this manual method to get the passwords than to install that adware crap.
Let’s now have a look at how we can get the passwords on an iOS device.
Retrieving Wi-Fi Passwords on iOS
If you have jailbroken your device, install a nifty tweak called NetworkList from Cydia. After you have installed the tweak, all you need to do is go to the Wi-Fi settings of your device and you will see a new button named Network Passwords in there. In iOS 7 it will be shown as Known Networks. Just tap on it and you will be able to see all the Wi-Fi passwords that are stored on your device.

Network list is very basic and only displays the passwords. You don’t even have the permission to select and copy it to your clipboard  to send it as a text message. You just need to use the conventional method of a pen and a paper, and write it down (or memorize it).

How to Hack Wi-Fi Passwords

Chances are you have a Wi-Fi network at home, or live close to one (or more) that tantalizingly pop up in a list whenever you boot up the laptop. The problem is, if there's a lock next to the name, that indicates security for the Wi-Fi network is turned on. Without the password or passphrase, you're not going to get access to that network, or that sweet, sweet Internet that goes with it.
Perhaps you forgot the password on your own network, or don't have neighbors willing to share the Wi-Fi goodness. You could just go to a café and buy a latte and use the "free" Wi-Fi there. Download an app for your phone like WiFi-Map, and you'll have a list of over 2 million hotspots with free Wi-Fi for the taking (including some passwords for locked Wi-Fi connections, if they're shared by any of the app's 7 million users).
But there are other ways to get back on the wireless, though some of them require such extreme patience and waiting, that café idea is going to look pretty good.
Reset the Router
Before you do this, just try to log into the router first. From there, you can easily reset your wireless password if you've forgotten it.
The problem is when you don't know the password for the router, either. (They're not the same thing, unless you set it up that way). Resetting the router is about as brute force a method as you get, and it only works if you have physical access to the router.
Almost every router in existence has a recessed reset button it. Push it with a pen or unfolded paperclip, hold it for about 10 seconds, and the router will change to the factory settings.
If you've got a router that came from your Internet service provider, check the stickers before a reset—they might have printed the router and Wi-Fi passwords (sometimes called the key) right on the hardware.
Once it's reset, you need another password (plus a username) to access the router itself. Generally you can do this in a Web browser of any PC attached to the router via Ethernet—you'll need that since the reset probably killed any potential Wi-Fi connection you had going in.
The URL to type is either or, or some variation. Once you're asked for a username/password, what do you do? Check your manual. Which you probably lost or threw away. So instead, go to The site exists for one reason: to tell people the default username/password on just about every router ever created.
You'll need the router's model number, but that's easy enough to find on the back or bottom. You'll quickly see a pattern among router makers of having the username of admin and a password of password. Since most people are lazy and don't change an assigned password, you could try it before hitting the reset button. (But c'mon, you're better than that—change the password once you're in the router's menus in your Web browser.)
Once you've accessed the router interface, go to the Wi-Fi settings, turn on the wireless networks, and assign them strong but easy-to-recall passwords. After all, you don't want to share with neighbors without your permission.
Crack the Code
You didn't come here because the headline said "reset the router," though. You want to know how to crack the password on a Wi-Fi network.
Searching on "wi-fi password hack," or other variations, nets you a lot of links—mostly for software on sites where the adware and bots and scams are pouring like snake oil. Download them at your own risk, for Windows PCs especially. Better to have a PC that you can afford to get effed up a bit if you go that route. I had multiple attempts with tools I found just get outright deleted by my antivirus before I could even try to run the EXE installation file.
Or, create a system just for this kind of thing, maybe dual-boot into a separate operating system that can do what's called "penetration testing"—a form of offensive approach security, where you examine a network for any and all possible paths of breach. Kali Linux is a Linux distribution built for just that purpose. You can run Kali Linux off a CD or USB key without even installing it to the hard drive. Another option is BackTrack Linux—they're actually both from the same developers, but Kali is the "polished" version. Both are free and come with all the tools you'd need to crack a network.
If you don't want to install a whole OS, then you could try the two tried-and-true tools of Wi-Fi hackers.
Aircrack has been around for years, going back to when Wi-Fi security was only based on WEP (Wired Equivalent Privacy). WEP was weak even back in the day, and was supplanted in 2004 by WPA (Wi-Fi Protected Access). The latest Aircrack-ng 1.2—labeled as a "set of tools for auditing wireless networks," so it should be part of any network admin's toolkit—will take on cracking WEP and WPA-PSK keys.
Aircrack-ng comes with full documentation, but it's not going to be that simple. To crack a network you also need to have the right kind of Wi-Fi adapter in your computer, one that supports packet injection. You need to be comfortable with the command line (running things using CMD) and have a lot of patience. Your Wi-Fi adapter and Aircrack have to gather a lot of data to get anywhere close to decrypting the passkey on the network you're targeting. It could take a while.
If you prefer a graphical user interface (GUI), there is KisMAC-ng, or there was. The website was not working as of the writing of this article. While KisMAC can crack some keys with the right adapter installed, it's mainly known as a "sniffer" for seeking out Wi-Fi networks. It's the kind of thing we don't need much of these days, since our phones and tablets do a pretty good job of showing us every since Wi-Fi signal in the air around us. Also on the Mac: Wi-Fi Crack. To use them or Aircrack-ng on the Mac, you need to install them using MacPorts, a tool for installing command-line products on the Mac.
Cracking stronger WPA/WPA2 passwords and passphrases is the real trick these days. Reaver is the one tool that looks to be up to the task (and it's part of the BackTrack Linux distro). You'll need that command-line comfort again to work with it, or you'll have to spend $65 for Reaver Pro, a hardware device that works with Windows and Mac. After two to 10 hours of trying brute force attacks, Reaver should be able to reveal a password... but it's only going to work if the router you're going after has both a strong signal and WPS (Wi-Fi Protected Setup) turned on. WPS is the feature where you can push a button on router, another button on a Wi-Fi device, and they find each other and link auto-magically, with a fully encrypted connection. It's also the "hole" through which Reaver crawls. It can generally break the code in about 24 hours.
Even if you turn off WPS, sometimes it's not completely off, but that's your only recourse if you're worried about hacks on your own router. Or, get a router that doesn't support WPS.

This Earth Day, let’s get really big stuff done for our planet.

The movement continues.
We are now entering the 46th year of a movement that continues to inspire, challenge ideas, ignite passion, and motivate people to action.
In 1970, the year of our first Earth Day, the movement gave voice to an emerging consciousness, channeling human energy toward environmental issues. Forty-six years later, we continue to lead with groundbreaking ideas and by the power of our example.
And so it begins. Today. Right here and right now. Earth Day is more than just a single day — April 22, 2016. It’s bigger than attending a rally and taking a stand.
This Earth Day and beyond, let’s make big stuff happen. Let’s plant 7.8 billion trees for the Earth. Let’s divest from fossil fuels and make cities 100% renewable. Let’s take the momentum from the Paris Climate Summit and build on it.
The History of Earth Day
Each year, Earth Day—April 22—marks the anniversary of the birth of the modern environmental movement in 1970.
The height of counterculture in the United States, 1970 brought the death of Jimi Hendrix, the last Beatles album, and Simon & Garfunkel’s “Bridge Over Troubled Water.” War raged in Vietnam and students nationwide overwhelmingly opposed it.
At the time, Americans were slurping leaded gas through massive V8 sedans. Industry belched out smoke and sludge with little fear of legal consequences or bad press. Air pollution was commonly accepted as the smell of prosperity. “Environment” was a word that appeared more often in spelling bees than on the evening news.
Although mainstream America largely remained oblivious to environmental concerns, the stage had been set for change by the publication of Rachel Carson’s New York Times bestseller Silent Spring in 1962.  The book represented a watershed moment, selling more than 500,000 copies in 24 countries, and beginning to raise public awareness and concern for living organisms, the environment and links between pollution and public health.
Earth Day 1970 gave voice to that emerging consciousness, channeling the energy of the anti-war protest movement and putting environmental concerns on the front page.
The Idea
The idea for a national day to focus on the environment came to Earth Day founder Gaylord Nelson, then a U.S. Senator from Wisconsin, after witnessing the ravages of the 1969 massive oil spill in Santa Barbara, California. Inspired by the student anti-war movement, he realized that if he could infuse that energy with an emerging public consciousness about air and water pollution, it would force environmental protection onto the national political agenda. Senator Nelson announced the idea for a “national teach-in on the environment” to the national media; persuaded Pete McCloskey, a conservation-minded Republican Congressman, to serve as his co-chair; and recruited Denis Hayes from Harvard as national coordinator. Hayes built a national staff of 85 to promote events across the land. April 22, falling between Spring Break and Final Exams, was selected as the date.
On April 22,1970, 20 million Americans took to the streets, parks, and auditoriums to demonstrate for a healthy, sustainable environment in massive coast-to-coast rallies. Thousands of colleges and universities organized protests against the deterioration of the environment. Groups that had been fighting against oil spills, polluting factories and power plants, raw sewage, toxic dumps, pesticides, freeways, the loss of wilderness, and the extinction of wildlife suddenly realized they shared common values.
Earth Day 1970 achieved a rare political alignment, enlisting support from Republicans and Democrats, rich and poor, city slickers and farmers, tycoons and labor leaders. By the end of that year, the first Earth Day had led to the creation of the United States Environmental Protection Agency and the passage of the Clean Air, Clean Water, and Endangered Species Acts. “It was a gamble,” Gaylord recalled, “but it worked.”
As 1990 approached, a group of environmental leaders asked Denis Hayes to organize another big campaign. This time, Earth Day went global, mobilizing 200 million people in 141 countries and lifting environmental issues onto the world stage. Earth Day 1990 gave a huge boost to recycling efforts worldwide and helped pave the way for the 1992 United Nations Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro. It also prompted President Bill Clinton to award Senator Nelson the Presidential Medal of Freedom (1995)—the highest honor given to civilians in the United States—for his role as Earth Day founder.
Earth Day Today
As the millennium approached, Hayes agreed to spearhead another campaign, this time focused on global warming and a push for clean energy. With 5,000 environmental groups in a record 184 countries reaching out to hundreds of millions of people, Earth Day 2000 combined the big-picture feistiness of the first Earth Day with the international grassroots activism of Earth Day 1990. Earth Day 2000 used the power of the Internet to organize activists, but also featured a drum chain that traveled from village to village in Gabon, Africa. Hundreds of thousands of people gathered on the National Mall in Washington, DC for a First Amendment Rally. Earth Day 2000 sent world leaders the loud and clear message that citizens around the world wanted quick and decisive action on global warming and clean energy.
Much like 1970, Earth Day 2010 came at a time of great challenge for the environmental community. Climate change deniers, well-funded oil lobbyists, reticent politicians, a disinterested public, and a divided environmental community all contributed to the narrative—cynicism versus activism. Despite these challenges, Earth Day prevailed and Earth Day Network reestablished Earth Day as a relevant, powerful focal point. Earth Day Network brought 250,000 people to the National Mall for a Climate Rally, launched the world’s largest environmental service project—A Billion Acts of Green®–introduced a global tree planting initiative that has since grown into The Canopy Project, and engaged 22,000 partners in 192 countries in observing Earth Day.
Earth Day had reached into its current status as the largest secular observance in the world, celebrated by more than a billion people every year, and a day of action that changes human behavior and provokes policy changes.

Today, the fight for a clean environment continues with increasing urgency, as the ravages of climate change become more manifest every day. We invite you to be a part of Earth Day and help write many more chapters—struggles and victories—into the Earth Day book.

Maharashtra drought: Akshay donates Rs. 50 lakh

Maharashtra drought: Akshay donates Rs. 50 lakh; 'Housefull 3' actor and Riteish Deshmukh to do charity show
After Aamir Khan and Nana Patekar, Akshay Kumar has come out in support of the drought-affected people of Maharashtra. The actor recently donated a large sum of money to the Maharashtra government's local water conservation scheme, Jalyukt Shivar Abhiyaan.
According to Filmfare, Akshay donated Rs. 50 lakh for Jalyukt Shivar Abhiyaan to help the drought-stricken state of Maharashtra. Chief Minister Devendra Fadnavis also thanked the "Housefull 3" actor for his contribution.
Akshay has reached out to almost 180 farmers and has planned to do a charity show with his co-star Riteish Deshmukh in Latur to raise funds. "Akshay has taken care to stay away from publicity. We want to appeal others in cities to help farmers," IGP Aurangabad Vishwas Nangre Patil, who is associated with Akshay for this work, told Mumbai Mirror.
Jalyukt Shivar Abhiyaan is a scheme initiated by the government to make Maharashtra becomes a drought-free state by 2019. The water conservation scheme includes deepening and widening of streams, construction of cement and earthen stop dams, work on nullahs and digging of farm ponds, according to the official website of Jalyukt Shivar.
Earlier, Aamir, Nana and the Marathi film industry came out to help the people of Maharashtra who have been hit by one of the history's worst drought situations.
Nana and Marathi actor Makarand Anaspure started the NAAM Foundation seven months ago and have donated between Rs. 12,000 and Rs. 16,000 to hundreds of families in Maharashtra, Mumbai Mirror reported.
Aamir along with his Satyamev Jayate team founded "PAANI FOUNDATION" and launched a "Water Cup" competition for 37 villages. "We have trained representatives of these villages with the help of experts. Aamir is holding meetings officials and the winner will receive Rs 50 lakh. In the end, all villages will winners as they will save water," Satyajit Bhatkal, convenor of the project, told the tabloid.
Maharashtra is facing one of the worst water crises in years, with 27,723 villages, nearly half of the 43,000 villages, have been declared drought-hit. Of the 27,723 villages, 11,962 villages have been declared drought-hit in Vidarbha region. The Centre has approved Rs. 3,050 crore financial relief assistance to Maharashtra, which is the largest drought relief given to any state.

Housefull 3 Trailer's release date

The third instalment of the "Housefull" franchise is set to entertain the audience, and it will start with a glimpse of the film in its trailer, which will be released on April 24. The makers of "Housefull 3" have planned a grand launch of the trailer, spread across 100 Indian cities.
"Housefull 3" has a strong cast this time as well. Akshay Kumar, Riteish Deshmukh, Jacqueline Fernandez, Abhishek Bachchan, Nargis Fakhri, Boman Irani and Lisa Haydon are in the lead roles. The logo of the film was released recently and the poster along with the trailer are expected to be unveiled soon.
It is a treat for the fans as the trailer will be shown to thousands of people across the country in 100 cities. "This is a fan-friendly exercise. It is being done specially to give maximum joy to fans of this franchise. For the first time ever, the trailer of a film will be showcased in more than 100 cities on the big screen at the same time. Fifty thousand fans from across India will get to see it simultaneously, [sic]" a source told the Times of India.
The star cast will be present at a PVR complex in Mumbai on April 24 at 4 p.m. for the trailer launch, but apart from the usual metropolitan cities, a handful of other urban centres will also get to watch the trailer. Gwalior, Kota, Udaipur, Raipur, Rajkot, Surat, Nasik, Patna, Gaya, Ranchi, Jamshedpur and Banaras are some of them.
The third instalment is a much-awaited flick, considering the success of the previous two parts.The first two instalments of the comedy series were directed by Sajid Khan, but "Housefull 3" has been directed by Sajid-Farhad Samji. Only Akshay, Boman and Riteish have been retained in all the three parts of the series. "Housefull 3" has a completely new cast, apart from Jacqueline, who was in "Housefull 2."

Friday, April 8, 2016

10 Best Romantic Tips for Men

Romance coming from men can help transform a friendship into a relationship or make an old relationship more exciting. So if you want to re-ignite your relationship by doing something thoughtful, here are ten great romantic tips:
1. Plan a sunset picnic
You can't go wrong with a romantic picnic at sunset. Just choose a nice, cozy spot for the two of you and combine it with a bottle of champagne.
2. Plan a romantic candlelit dinner
Pick a location in advance and surprise her with a romantic candlelit dinner.
3. Get a loveseat
You could even use your sofa to cuddle up. Or, put a loveseat in front of the fireplace.
4. Recreate your first date
This is a great romantic date tip; try to retain the original atmosphere of the date. This could include wearing the same clothes you wore on your first date — if they still fit. This date might turn out to be a great bonding experience.
5. Get cozy
Enjoy just being together. Always remember to hold her hand when you are in public or walking together.
6. Create special memories
This might be the most important romantic tip, because good memories make for good relationships. Take pictures often and create a scrapbook or photo album that highlights these special memories.
7. Take a surprise weekend off
Pack your travel bags and get away from it all during the weekend with a surprise vacation for her.
8. Accompany her to her favorite activity
Tennis, bowling, or a tear-jerker movie may not be your idea of the perfect night off. Despite this, accompany her without complaining.
9. Use love tokens
A great romantic tip and idea for men is to use a jar filled with love tokens. Make the tokens exchangeable for kisses, hugs, etc. Then, give the jar to your girl so that she can use them when she wants.
10. Learn to dance

A few new dance moves can really spice up the romance in a relationship.

9 Simple Romantic Ideas For Every Man

Over the years, friends and faithful readers alike have asked me one question more often than any other: What kind of advice can you offer me on romance?
While I must have answered this question hundreds of times throughout the years, it continues to resurface constantly, often with a greater sense of urgency. In response to the many queries, I decided to take all my secrets, suggestions, and romantic ideas, and put them down in writing for the world to see.
any guy can do it
I know many men, my husband included, who have a flair for romantic ideas, sweet gestures, and spontaneity at the drop of a hat, so it's not impossible to become a "romantic dude," so to speak. Even the most masculine of "macho" men has the ability to plan a romantic dinner, bring home flowers for no reason or simply find the time in a hectic day to express admiration for his woman.
The following are some simple romantic ideas that will help you impress your lady without having to go too far out of your way to do so. Prepare to dazzle her.
Make a list
Make a list of the special days on the calendar that you celebrate together, such as the day you met, your yearly anniversary, or even the anniversary of your first kiss. On these days make a point to spend some quality time together. Cook a special meal (or pick one up on the way home from work). Buy her a card or write her a short letter, and let her know that you didn't forget.
Toast to her
Toast each other when you sit down to dinner. It doesn't need to be over bubbly or wine, but even a glass of water or iced tea. Tell her something you love about her and then drink to it!
Reach out and touch her
Use the power of touch to make a lasting impression throughout the day. There is no such thing as not having time for a kiss goodbye in the morning or again upon reuniting at the end of the day. And an inviting warm hug or backrub at the end of a stressful day is always appreciated.
Create a photo album
Take pictures often; don't save the camera for holidays and special occasions. Create a visual scrapbook of your everyday life together. Better still, set the timer and pose together. You will both appreciate the warmth of the moment when you see these snapshots in an album down the road.
Take note of significant things
Set something aside for her every day. It might be a newspaper article you read during your commute, a link to a website you came across, or even a story you heard by the office water cooler. She will appreciate that you took a moment to think of her during the course of your day.
Be thoughtful
Do something thoughtful for her every day. Whether it's making her a cup of coffee in the morning, sticking a surprise note in her bag, or leaving her a chocolate "kiss" on her pillow before bedtime, everyone loves a romantic surprise.
Keep up your appearance
Let her see you at your best. It's ironic that we dress up to meet total strangers but let ourselves go around our nearest and dearest. Most women love to see their men clean-shaven, in great clothes and perhaps wearing a hint of her favorite cologne.
Tell her about your moods
Be honest if you are feeling stressed or under the weather. Your woman will appreciate your honesty and will know not to take it personally when you come home in a bad mood.
Discuss your day
Sit down together when you get home and relate your daily experiences. The best thing about spending time apart is that it makes you appreciate each other more.

These simple yet effective romantic ideas should work wonders on any woman.

Sunday, April 3, 2016

Daily Hair Care Tips And Advice

Eventually I knew precisely what hair wanted:it to grow, to be it self...
to be left alone by anyone, including me, who did not love it as it was.
Beautiful, shining hair is a valuable asset. It can also be a versatile fashion accessory, to be colored, curled, dressed up or smoothed down. Your hair plays a big factor in determining how you look and perceive yourself. There are no secrets to beautiful hair! With a great cut and style, you'll feel like a million bucks.
Proper hair care shows from the top of your head, so you want to be on top of your hair. The importance of well cared for hair can be found in the careful selection of hair care products. Hair care requires patience along with gentle hair care products and a hair cut every few months. Hair color is a wonderful option for creating a new look for yourself and hair care products are becoming less harmful to your hair care.
You don't have to spend hours on your hairstyles. Here's enough home hair care tips and tricks to deal with problem hair that won't cooperate even on the best of days -- and keep it healthy & shiny.
Basic Hair Care Tips For
Increase intake of low cholesterol, polyunsaturated oils such as margarine, sunflower oil, fruits and foods rich in Vitamin B.
Eat: Foods rich in vitamin B, raw vegetables, pulses, wholemeal bread, brown rice, liver, bananas, nuts and oily fish. A supplement of Vitamin E capsules will also help.
Avoid: Salty and fatty cheeses.
Eat: Low fat fish, chicken, pulses like dals and sprouts.
Eat: Plenty of vegetables and fresh fruits.
Avoid: Butter, cheese and deep fried foods.
Eat: Foods rich in minerals - green vegetables, nuts, lentils, whole grain cereals, shrimps, oily fish and milk.
Oily Hair
This condition stems from over secretion of the sebaceous glands.
Eat: Lots of green leafy vegetables, salads, fresh fruits, yogurt, baked and grilled dishes.

Avoid: Fried and greasy foods, milk products and red meat.

Sunday, March 27, 2016

10 Dos of Great Hair Care

If the amount of money consumers spend on hair products annually is any indication, most people are concerned about the appearance of their hair and strive to attain beautiful, healthy and stylish locks. In fact, most will go to any lengths to achieve their desired look. From professional salon treatments to over-the-counter serums, hair care is a big business.
The only problem is that while many people are buying the right products for their hair, they forget to follow basic hair care regimens that will guarantee the health and beauty of their tresses. Additionally, many are also causing needless damage to their tresses by participating in unhealthy hair care activities.
So, what should you do to make sure that your locks stay healthy, shiny and strong? Here are 10 essential "must dos" of great hair care.
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Hair care dos
1. Use the right products for your specific hair type. If you're hair is damaged, dry or color treated, use products formulated to repair this damage and add much-needed shine and resiliency. On the other hand, if your hair is oily, use a deep-cleansing shampoo and light conditioner to keep your hair looking its best. The right products should be at the base of your care routine.
2. Get a trim every 6 to 8 weeks as part of your regular routine. Even if you are growing your hair longer, it is still vital to make a routine trim a major part of your care routine. Snipping ends before they split will keep your hair looking healthy and save you hair care headaches in the end.
3. Protect your hair with products that contain sunscreen.
4. Shampoo your hair only when it is dirty. Contrary to popular belief, you do not need to shampoo daily. Doing so can make it dry and hard to work with.
5. Turn to a professional for all of your hair styling and care needs. Yes, kitchen beauticians and friends do not cost as much as putting your hair care needs in the hands of a qualified professional, but they often result in blunders that end up costing you more money than if you went to the salon in the first place.
6. Use professional conditioning hair coloring systems. There are many coloring systems on the market, and the ones you choose can have a great impact on your hair care costs. Simply put: choose a system that causes minimal damage and conditions hair as it colors. This will save you money when it comes to conditioning products.
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7. Stick with one chemical service. In order to keep your hair as healthy as it can be, ask your hair professional to recommend only one chemical service: color or perm. By only using the service that is perfect for your particular style and needs, you will ensure that your hair stays healthier.
8. Add Texture. By adding texture to your style, through perm or cut, you can greatly reduce the time it takes to style and perform your daily routine. And you will look sensational.
9. Choose hair color that compliments your style. With all of the professional coloring techniques available, this part of your care regimen has never been easier. From chunky highlights to soft color, you can greatly enhance your style with the right technique.

10. Comb with a wide-toothed come when it is wet to prevent breakage. The only time you should use a brush during your hair care routine is when your hair is barely damp or dry.

Black Hair Care Tips

Black hair (African-American hair) is different from Caucasoid hair or Asian hair. The most typical character of the black hair is that it is strong and rigid transversally but is very flexible length wise. Because of this presentation, the hair body often curls tightly and takes up a spiral appearance. The shape of African hair has a resemblance to a twisted oval or ribbon.
Another feature of black hair is that it is irregular in diameter. Neither the fiber diameter nor the cuticle diameter is the same all through its length. Because of this typical structure and coiling structure the hair has many fragile points. The outside of a tight curl puts stress on the outer hair fiber cortex and cuticle. At some points outside the curls, cuticle becomes very thin and flakes easily. These areas of stress in the hair fiber are prone to damage by chemicals. Even vigorous combing is enough to flake the cuticle and damage the hair.
Another undesirable feature of the black hair is its low moisture content. This character also makes the black hair more susceptible to weathering. Since the black hair is too curly in nature, it is difficult to comb. It is prone to hair breakage and hair shedding.
Because of these difficulties, black hair requires more care than any other type of hair. The following black hair care tips help in preventing some damage to which it is naturally susceptible.
Massage the scalp regularly to encourage oil production.
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Always use a wide-toothed Afro comb. Combing helps spread the natural oil through the hair, making it look shinier and healthier.
Use intensive pre-shampoo treatments.
Shampoo your black hair as often as you feel necessary but only lather once, using a small amount of shampoo. Rinse thoroughly.
Always towel-blow your hair and never rub it with towel. .
Try a hot oil treatment once a month. It lubricates dry scalp and help in moisturizing black hair.
Choose non-greasy formulas for your hair gel so that they don't take away the healthy sheen.
If you want to braid your black hair, use a softening shampoo that maintains the right moisture balance. You can also try a natural oil based moisturizer.
While combing your hair, start from the tips and work towards the roots, it will be less damaging to the hair.
Have a regular trim to remove split ends as it prevents hair breakage.
Whether it's in cornrow, braids or bun, try not to repeat the same 'pull-back' hairstyle too often. The stress on the hair may cause it to weaken around the edges.
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Try to avoid the use of heat treatments, chemical relaxers or hot hair drying of your hair.
Don't use any hair care product that has any harsh chemical. Only use natural hair care products.
Avoid use of alcohol based products.
Cotton pillow cases and sheets help in breakage, use a silk or satin scarf to wrap up your hair while sleeping.

Besides these natural hair care tips, there are certain black hair products that can be used for taking care of your hair. Black hair has its own specific characters and its unique problems. So special black hair growth products need to specially formulated for taking care of the more fragile black hair. The best black hair care or hair growth products are the ones that use the natural hair care products.

Simple Hair Care Tips That Can Save You Fortune on Hair Care

Hair is an influential part of our personality and having healthy and shinning hair costs a very good spell on our overall look. A scalp full of thick and healthy hair changes your overall personality to greater extent. To achieve and retain healthy and shinning hair is not very difficult. Basically it is all about hair care.
Hair care is related to hygiene and cosmetology involving the hair on the human head. Hair care differs according to your hair type and according to various processes that can be applied to hair.
It is very important to keep your hair clean and keep chemical treatments to a minimum to prevent damages to the hair. This can be achieved by adopting a good hair care routine.
Hair care is all about choosing correct hair care products
If you are looking to get the best possible results from your hair care routine, you will need to choose the shampoo and conditioner that matches your hair the best. This requires the knowledge of various types of hair.
There are three types of hair:
·         Normal Hair
·         Greasy Hair
·         Dry Hair

Normal Hair:
If your hair holds their style well, look good and healthy all the time and it has not been coloured or permed, than you have normal hair and you should choose a shampoo or conditioner designed for normal hair.
Greasy Hair:
If your hair tends to be limp, it lacks volume or looks flat, does not hold a style and becomes greasy after applying shampoo, you have greasy hair. This type of hair has many problems associated with it. Dust sticks to it very easily and it clings to itself and your scalp and most of all, it spoils your style. This condition is simply because of sebaceous glands being particularly active. Avoid running your fingures once you are finished with your styling. You can avoid your hair becoming greasy quite so soon in this way. You should also use shampoo or conditioner specially designed for greasy hair.
Dry Hair:
Your hair is dry if it feels rough and looks dull. Dry hair tangles easily and it is quite difficult to comb or brush it. It could be frizzy or liable to split ends as well. If your hair matches any of these criteria, it is possibly dry and you should use a shampoo specifically designed for dry hair.
Hair Care:
You can save your hair from damage if you follow some simple hair care routines.
When you wash your hair, let them hang naturally and rinse them thoroughly with warm water. Now lather up the necessary amount of shampoo on your hand and apply it to your hair. Work the shampoo into your hair by gentle massage with your fingertips and don't forget to let them hanging naturally. Now rinse and be careful not to rub your web hair too fiercely because at this stage they can be damaged very easily.
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Rinse all the shampoo from your hair before applying conditioner. Now apply conditioner gently and thoroughly and spread it evenly over your hair. Leave it to work for a few minutes. When you rinse off the conditioner, make sure not to rub your wet hair.


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